Bermuda Triangle The complete analysis.

What is Bermuda Triangle?

No doubt you have wondered about the Bermuda Triangle. It is the greatest modern mystery of our supposedly well understood world: a region of the  Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda, Miami, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico, where disappearances of ships and planes not only continue but continue to defyexplanation.

The purpose of Bermuda-Triangle.Org is to provide a sober look at this phenomenon.  It is not a site based on synthesizing hearsay, tabloid news or 30 year old books. What you will see on this Web Site is based on official documentation gleaned over the last decade. I began this as an innocent hobby before it escalated into a vast project, a project to get almost every report possible, to track down every clue, to verify every claim. . . and often to get the figurative door slammed in my face.  Theseofficial reports form the bulk of the evidence used herein. Carefully sifting through these, with lines censored, pages cut out and paragraphs deleted, has brought to light a pattern interwoven with mystery and tragedy, as one disappearance illustrates.

With almost every case the same thing has happened. By the time concrete information is obtained, the story has lost its appeal, and no follow-ups ever find their way into the papers. I have tried to stay away, therefore, from relying on any newspaper accounts. These, unfortunately, have almost always been the exclusive source for any popular account of an incident, whether in a magazine or book, previous to this web site. Approaching the subject from the back door, so to speak, free of the hype and public forum, has yielded more startling information. For instance, no more than a few disappearances of airplanes have been reported in the last 2 decades, yet mystery has struck with skillful hands. Searches of the database of National Transportation Safety Board reveal some 75 aircraft have gone missing. Projecting Coast Guard statistics onmissing boats is truly mind boggling, perhaps reaching over 2,000.
Often when faced with what these reports contain, I have come away badly jolted. It has caused me to revise several well-known cases,  and has made it possible to present accurate accounts of what has transpired in the last 20 years. These last,  I must presume, are here (and in my book Into the Bermuda Triangle) to the public presented for the first time since I know of no other research done in this period.

If you are interested in reading about all this, this web site provides dozens of  pages to whet your appetite. Investigations gives you detailed investigations into some of the more interesting and provocative cases and, of course, profiles most any incident, old and new.

Bermuda Triangle.Org tries to bring you much more than just the facts on incidents. Charts & Maps guide you to the geography of the Triangle, plus marking possible locations for the missing.
Accurate diagrams of the types of vessels and planes allows you to visualize every type of ship and plane to disappear. Photographs bring the actual victims to life, and original artwork recreates the circumstances in which many of the victims vanished.
In Search Of . . . takes you below the silent waters of the Triangle in an attempt to find the grave of the lost.

One well known case in 1962 vividly brings home the need for careful behind-the-scenes probing. Once again, it involves an aircraft.



Theories behind Bermuda Triangle

Magnetic Variation: possibly the most bogus theory of them all. When the Coast Guard put their name on this theory they neutered a lot of their credibility. No one had heard about this theory until the Coast Guard put out a little hastily written chit about 30 years ago, stating their position on the subject of the Bermuda Triangle.
It reads, in part:

Countless theories attempting to explain the many disappearances have been offered throughout the history of the area. The most practical seem to be environmental and those citing human error. The majority of disappearances can be attributed to the area’s unique environmental features. First, the “Devil’s Triangle” is one of the two places on earth that a magnetic compass does point towards true north. Normally it points toward magnetic north. The difference between the two is known as compass variation. The amount of variation changes by as much as 20 degrees as one circumnavigates the earth. If this compass variation or error is not compensated for, a navigator could find himself far off course and in deep trouble.

This is a very misleading statement. For one, the area of no compass variation is a very narrow corridor, tantamount to a fraction of the overall Triangle. It also overlooks the fact that one cannot even plot a course without having a navigational chart, and all navigational charts have the amount of variation written on them for every degree of longitude. Before a navigator could even chart a course he would have to know the amount of variation. This also overlooks the large number of disappearances of pilots and skippers who were old hands in this part of the world, being charter pilots and the like. They were very familiar with local  variation.
It also presupposes that the navigator was stupid enough not to compensate. Yet compensation in navigating is second nature to any navigator.
But lets expand on compass variation, since many do not understand it. Compass variation does not mean that the compass needle points somewhere else. The compass  always points to Magnetic North. The problem with this is Magnetic North is not at the North Pole, the absolute geographic northern spot on this planet; it is 1,500 miles away. As far as the compass is concerned, the absolute north of this planet is at Prince of Wales Island in the Northwest Territories of Canada.
The magnetic field of the earth can be likened to a bar magnet running through the earth from north to south. Both ends of the bar would be the north and south magnetic poles. The bar itself would be the axis or, as it is called in geophysics, the Agonic Line.
This would not pose any problem to the navigator were it not for the fact that Magnetic North is located 1,500 miles away from  the North Pole. Therefore, geographic north on the earth, the area we mentally consider absolute north, is not where the compass points. Following the N on your compass is not going to
The area of the Agonic Line marked in red, as it was when the Coast Guard drew up their statement 30 years ago.   Along this line there is no need to adjust one’s heading because Magnetic North and True North coincide. Already at Bimini island there is a 2 degree westerly variation. That means if a pilot wanted to head True West here, he would not steer 270o by his compass but 272o. It seems infinitesimal, but over time 2 degrees can lead to dozens of miles off course. In the short distances between the coast and the Bahama Islands, it doesn’t amount to much here.lead you to the North Pole; it will lead you to Prince of Wales Island.  See illustration. The red dots indicate True North, that is, the absolute geographic north of this planet (North Pole); and Magnetic North, 1,500 miles in a southerly direction from it. The central axis (Agonic Line) of the magnetic field extends through the planet to the South Magnetic Pole at Antarctica. When off Florida, both the North Pole and the Magnetic Pole are in line. The Compass truly points to the North Pole here but only briefly. It is merely incidental because Magnetic North is directly due south of the North Pole here.To compensate for this, the navigator must know the number of degrees of difference between Magnetic North and True North in his longitude. This changes according to one’s longitude around the earth. For instance, at the Azores Islands there is a 20 degree difference between True North and Magnetic North. Off the east coast of Florida, there is none. The compass is still pointing to Magnetic North. It just so happens that True North is directly north of here. See illustration.Right: as the Compass sees the four cardinal points.  See what happens if you blindly follow your magnetic compass. Everything is tilted because it believes North is 1,500 miles south of the North Pole. West is slightly southwest; East is slightly northeast; North is slightly northwest; South: southeast. Wherever a navigator is, he must adjust his heading to maintain a true course. . . except at the Agonic Line.

Except for this narrow corridor, there is always some form of compensation the navigator must go through.* For example, at the Azores, if a navigator wanted to go straight north, he could not follow the N on his compass. If he did, he would end up in Canada and not in Greenland. So he heads 020 degrees and now he is heading True north. That is what Compass Variation means: the amount of difference between the North Pole and the Magnetic North Pole at a given location. The result is a simple navigational adjustment to stay on course.
Right, what we imagine the Compass to reflect: the true North, East, West, and South of this geographic sphere. Far left, the Compass’ concept of where North, West, East, and South are located, if viewed from the Azores.  True North is actually 020o.
This amount of variation will decrease the further one travels West until one reaches the Agonic Line. Soon after, the amount of variation will increase again, with the compass pointing Easterly of True North.
There is little reason to suppose that this has contributed to any loss. Failure to compensate the amount of variation correctly can cause a pilot to get lost anywhere in the world, whether there is no degree variation to compensate for or 15 degrees. One degree off can, over time, result in many miles in error, making a pilot miss his intended destination.
But as I said this can happen anywhere in the world. The Triangle does not stand out as unique because there is no variation in degrees to calculate for a brief period in a very narrow corridor of it.
I try and list theories objectively. But in this case a dead horse is a dead horse. There is no merit to this theory at all.
A further factor contributing to this deduction is that the Agonic Line moves as the magnetic pole shifts, due to many factors in the rotation of the earth. Over time the Agonic Line can be miles from where it was. Actually every 2 months or so a flight is manned and sent to find the magnetic pole. The upshot is that the Agonic Line is not in the Triangle anymore. It is located in the Gulf of Mexico beyond Key West— to those who demand adherence to a strict shape to the “Triangle,” completely outside of it.
The artwork and maps above show the Agonic Line where it was when the Coast Guard made up their little chit about 30 years ago. Magnetic Variation was not a satisfactory explanation before. It is even more passé now. Disappearances still occur in the same places as before, even though the Line is on the other side of Florida now.

*Yes I know it happens on the exact other side of the world; but that is not relevant here so we can dispense with it in this article.

The “Triangle” in History: a shape takes form

“The region involved, a watery triangle bounded roughly by Florida, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico, measures less than a thousand miles on any one side.”
. . .So George X. Sand introduced the Triangle to his readers in October 1952 in a short article for Fate magazine, entitled “Sea Mystery at our Back Door.”

Sand’s article recounted the latest disappearance (the Sandra in 1950) and went on to discuss some of the other recent baffling mysteries like NC16002, Star Tiger and Star Ariel, aside from

devoting most of the article to Flight 19.
The Triangle remained a colloquial expression throughout the 1950s, employed by locals when another disappearance or unexplained crash happened.
By the early 1960s, it had acquired the name The Deadly Triangle. In his 1962 book, Wings of Mystery, author Dale Titler also devoted pages in Chapter 14— “The Mystery of Flight 19”— to recounting the most recent incidents of disappearances and even began to ponder theories, such as electromagnetic anomalies and the ramifications of Project Magnet. His book would set the temper for Triangle

The Deadly Triangle as it appeared in a 1962 book Wings of Mysteryby Dale Titler. The idea that Vincent Gaddis invented the shape and mystery is nonsense. It had long been popular before his time. He seems merely to have been the first one to call it Bermuda Triangle. It is also nonsense that Gaddis or anybody else ever thought that Miami, Bermuda, and San Juan were absolute nodal points. Gaddis was merely trying to give the area geographic life to a growing audience.

Fate’s October 1952 issue. The Triangle begins.

discussions thereafter. (Just in April 1962 Allan W. Eckert had written a sensational piece in the American Legion Magazine on Flight 19 ((“The Mystery of the Lost Patrol”)) which introduced some of the most popular but erroneous dialogue purported coming from Flight 19, including lines like the ocean looks strange, all the compasses are going haywire, and that they could not make out any directions, “everything is strange.” This became a may pole for electromagnetic discussions).
However, popularity on the subject was beginning to spread beyond the area of the Atlantic seaboard. But the moniker “Deadly Triangle” contained absolutely no geographic reference in it— in other words  “Deadly Triangle” could be anywhere.
Then in February 1964 Vincent Gaddis wrote an article for ArgosyMagazine. The article was little different from others, though it added a few more recent cases like Marine Sulphur Queen. However, it was his title that finally clinched with the public: “The  Deadly Bermuda Triangle.” Adding “Bermuda” finally materialized the location for everybody, though Gaddis clarified “in and about this area” many have disappeared.
In his popular 1965 book Invisible Horizons, Gaddis devoted chapter 13 to  “The Triangle of Death.” The concept of the Bermuda Triangle was spreading rapidly.
Ironically, the first book published devoted to the subject was entitled Limbo of the Lost (1969) by John Spencer, in which he proposed the area had no real shape at all and elaborately tried to include the Gulf of Mexico as well as New Jersey. It sold in limited quantities, but was later reproduced in  paperback in the early 1970s and did well.
Dozens of magazine and newspaper articles came out in the early ‘70s, each author offering a general shape. Richard Winer proposed “The Devil’s Triangle” and extended it nearly to the Azores near Portugal. Ivan Sanderson was sure it was an oblong shape centered almost entirely north of Bermuda.
But no book sold as well as Charles Berlitz’s 1974 bestseller, The Bermuda Triangle. Selling way over 5,000,000 copies in hardback, it became a phenomenon. Berlitz also cautioned about the exact shape, as had the others. But to this day Bermuda Triangle is deferred to for the same reason “Deadly Triangle” failed—there is simply no other name that calls to mind the general area as does Bermuda Triangle.
But the vast popularity of the subject brought into vogue an art that is still trying to flourish today—debunking. Out of all the books that were published, only one remains in reprint today: Larry Kusche’s book The Bermuda Triangle Mystery— SolVED.

Myths & Facts

This page is designed to clear up several comments circulated in print or on the web promoted as “facts” about the Triangle, but which are pure fancy. Most of the claims are straight quotes from those promoting them.

Myth 1.

“A check of Lloyd’s of London’s accident records by the editor ofFate in 1975 showed that the triangle was a no more dangerous part of the ocean than any other. U.S. Coast Guard records confirmed this and since that time no good arguments have ever been made to refute those statistics. So the Bermuda Triangle mystery disappeared, in the same way many of its supposed victims had vanished.”

Fact 1

This is completely false. Lloyd’s does not insure the smaller stuff, so all yachts go unreported and uncataloged in statistics. Lloyd’s seldom insures the smaller charter and private aircraft, so likewise for them. Lloyd’s is not the ultimate source. It is not a marine investigation bureau. It reports on sailing news relevant to insurance.

US Coast Guard SAR (Search and Rescue) statistics for all districts are published yearly in a thick voluminous report. This details the statistics for calls of assistance,  causes of accidents, weather, deaths, conditions, whatever. However, missing vessels are not readily included. In reality, the designation Overdue Vessels are more important. But because it is hard to determine the number of people on board and exactly where the vessel last was, “missing” or “overdue” cannot be easily calculated. They may be catagorized under “caused by other factor” if at all. I have just received a list of vessels from the 7th district after 12 years of asking for and being denied missing vessel statistics, always receiving the reply “nobody tracks such statistics.” For the last 2 fiscal years this includes about 300 vessel names or types. And now I must start my search, to see which reported back to port (if any), what the weather conditions were like, etc.
The Coast Guard is not even capable of accurately determining the numbers, and therefore could never have conducted a study. What they probably did was comment on the popular notion that 20 aircraft and 50 ships are missing. That number was bandied about incessantly in the 1970s and is still in the Encyclopedia Britannica. This number is not extraordinary for 100 years, though it is more aircraft than elsewhere over seas.
NTSB database searches reveal that in the last decade only a handful of aircraft disappearances have occurred off New England while over 30 have happened in the Triangle. These are American statistics only, and do not reflect other nationalities.
Then there are those who claim the disparity is due to the Triangle’s greater amount of traffic. In reality, the 1st Coast Guard district answers about just as many calls for assistance as the 7th, but the number of disappearances is still remarkably different.

Myth 2

Investigations to date have not produced scientific evidence of any unusual phenomena involved in the disappearances. Thus, any explanation, including so-called scientific ones in terms of methane gas being released from the ocean floor, magnetic disturbances, etc., are not needed. The real mystery is how the Bermuda Triangle became a mystery at all.”

Fact 2

Not only utterly false, but actually stupid. One would have to witness a disappearance in order to determine what was directly involved. This has obviously not be done, and such a comment, as a result, is a lame one. There have been NO scientific expeditions to investigate the overall Triangle. Independent people, often possessing degrees in one of the sciences, have made their own, sometimes truncated study. Most have produced some very interesting discoveries. Dr. A.J. Yelkin’s study revealed unexplained magnetic deviations during phases of the Moon. Dr. Zink’s observations at Bimini revealed unexplained magnetic variations in the compass at the precise time each year in early August (consistent in some ways with Yelkin’s theories). Wilbert Smith’s studies revealed areas of “reduced bindings” in the magnetic field that came and went. But as for any scientific expeditions into the Triangle to take readings or tests or to see if something would happen, none has ever been done.

Myth 3

In short, the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle became a mystery by a kind of communal reinforcement among uncritical authors and a willing mass media to uncritically pass on the speculation that something mysterious is going on in the Atlantic.

Fact 3

Wrong. And the acrimony is hypocritical since that is how the first 2 myths above became established, usually by debunkers spreading “communal reinforcement” that they have evidence byhaving no evidence or that they reflect the status quo as experienced by suburban America.

Myth 4

In 1492, shortly before making land in the West Indies, Christopher Columbus recorded in his ship’s log that he and his crew had observed a large ball of fire fall into the sea and that the ship’s compass was behaving erratically.

Fact 4

False. That happened shortly after leaving the Canary Islands. The erratic compasses readings were recorded thrice while in the Sargasso Sea and Triangle.

Myth 5

The Bermuda Triangle mystery is answered with latest science – static electricity is the culprit, not 4th dimensional hogwash— that a severe electrostatic charge on the human body and in turn in the central nervous system and the brain is the cause for the human pilot to lose consciousness. This unconscious state happens both in astronautics and aeronautics and has also been observed and recorded in the Bermuda Triangle aviation disasters. The Bermuda Triangle is a static electricity exchange place. The Bermuda Triangle is on [sic] of Earth’s places where natural electricity is neutralized.

Fact 5

False. The effects of the Earth as a weak driver is interesting and the subject of some studies, as well as overwater locations where it might affect electromagnetism. But there is absolutely no evidence for static electricity in the Triangle cases, as claimed above. The claim that there was is utterly untrue. No pilots have been reported to pass out. How could you tell in a disappearance anyway? This originates with a man named Peter Staheli. He accepts the old and defunct lines attributed to Charles Taylor “everything is strange, wrong” etc., and so forth. This gives you an idea of his research methods. Electromagnetic and electrical effects in the area are being studied by others right now, with far better research methods than those that sponsored Staheli’s strange dogma.

Due to the strange outburst demonstrated by Staheli in response to this brief statement, it was necessary to place a page up clarifying the ruckus. See Comments

Myth 6

Lt. Charles Taylor, the leader of Flight 19, was actually a lazy slob, a drunk, and a careless navigator.

Fact 6

This rubbish stems from Larry Kusche who was all over the place in his 1980 book The Disappearance of Flight 19 which he wrote between two of his other stellars on how to scientifically pop popcorn. I cannot answer for what was in Kusche’s mind, but I would consider the result akin to clear victimization, as well as misrepresentation. I suggest the reader browse two articles on this site for more. Creating Confusion & Flight DUI. As far as I am concerned there is nothing worthwhile in the book. I have criticized his methods in The Bermuda Triangle Mystery— Solved, but still recommend it. However, with Disappearance I see no reason. There is no mystery why in the last 22 years it was never republished.

Myth 7

The majority of disappearances can be attributed to the area’s unique environmental features. First, the “Devil’s Triangle” is one of the two places on earth that a magnetic compass does point towards true north. Normally it points toward magnetic north. The difference between the two is known as compass variation. The amount of variation changes by as much as 20 degrees as one circumnavigates the earth. If this compass variation or error is not compensated for, a navigator could find himself far off course and in deep trouble.

Fact 7

False. The Agonic Line— the area of no difference in calculation— moves over time as the axis of the magnetic field slowly changes in response to the Earth’s rotation. It is now approaching the middle of the Gulf of Mexico— as far as the Coast Guard is concerned far outside of the Triangle. Disappearances continue to occur in the same areas within the Triangle. The Coast Guard statement above is 30 years obsolete, but they have not updated it. To do so would prove most of their statement to have been in error.

Myth 8

You receive money to do this. You are not a professional researcher, nor do you have a degree in Bermuda-Triangleology. Since you are not a “who” according to this standard, all of the evidence you present must be dismissed.

ED. All right, maybe a little bit of that is tongue-in-cheek, but it captures the acrimony of one detractor on the web who calls himself Tobias Gibson, a man who seems to promote himself and his degree in Research as giving him an edge on the Triangle, though he seems to have little knowledge of what has transpired in the last 25 years. His research, degree or no, translates down to having watched a couple of PBS videos and to having read a couple of 30 year old books, as his bibliography testifies.

Fact 8 Suffice it say, I am not paid for my appearances on TV. My web site costs me money. There is no paid advertising, no pop-ups. There are a few banners. These were requested by those establishments and are gratis. They generate no income.

ED. Another myth perpetrated by this spinmeister about me, a man who propagates many falsehoods on his web site, conjures up a frightful picture of what his reading comprehension must be like.  The following myth is courtesy of this man and his inability to realize people take their reputations seriously.

Myth 9:

Bermuda-Triangle.Org description according to Tobias Gibson:

is by far the best and most comprehensive site that purports the myths around the Bermuda Triangle. The journalist who does the page claims to do it as a hobby but seems to have connections with many cable channels that continue to purport the myth. The author also likes to trash this site and Larry Kusche’s book. Still, it is a very useful site. He has sections devoted to all the major theories. Unfortunately, the theory that weather and nature are the culprits is the one section he has yet to develop (as of March 27, 2001).

He has a low opinion of this site because it is on Tripod and I don’t pay for it to be on the web (I’m not sure how this makes my site inaccurate or flawed). He also claims it is easier to just debunk a myth rather than support or create one. The site has lots of pretty pictures, many of which are glorified icons for sponsors (I’m not sure how this differs from a Tripod Banner Ad) and may load slow but is definitely worth a look, despite the difference in opinions.

ED. Senator Alan Simpson once publicly declared: “An attack unanswered is an attack believed. Let people know who you are and what you stand for.”

For over a year I have not taken this sound advice. I have refrained from replying to his innuendoes or directly correcting the numerous outright errors his site contains for the reason he seems eager to promote my website’s purpose as designed to “trash” his opinion site. By yielding to a rebuttal I was afraid this might help him promote the idea he likes to cultivate: that he is the reigning expert on the subject warring against the mass of sensationalists and mythmakers. This unenviable image would be relatively inoffensive were it not for his weak attempt to create it at my expense. Mercifully, he does not seem to impress a large audience, as his sluggish odometer previously testified before, like the missing in the Bermuda Triangle, it recently mysteriously vanished as his site underwent a move from near defunct status to another server, befitting its move downward in the search rankings. This site claims to have been up since 1995, but its odometer never reached 100,000 hits.

Such misrepresentations as he makes in these comments, couched as a bibliographical statement of his sources, are hardly surprising considering the quanta of inaccuracies and misrepresentations he makes in his site altogether. Most of what he claims as myths are the result of poor reading comprehension, a limited scope of knowledge on the subject, and a predisposition to berate anything outside his own personal suburban experience. His “facts” in response to these “myths” are either bumbling error or pure exaggeration and fabrication. It is time, I think, that I finally respond to this mythmaker.

Fact 9

My site is loaded with actual pictures of people, the vessels, planes, and of the Triangle. Out of 180 pages or so, I have about 4 banners on the whole site, 2 on the home page alone. His statement shows he did not browse the site at all, or he is an outright prevaricator. As far as I can tell, he saw some of my answers in Q&A answering confused surfers. Their questions reflect their confusion after browsing his confused site. I was correcting the mistakes quite unaware of their origin. He translates this as trashing his site. Weird. His site was not mentioned.

Fact 10:

I do not create myth, nor do I support it. I have stated it is easier to mock a subject (debunk) than it is to do the actual research, expend time, money and effort to locate documents and interview people.

Myth 11: According to Gibson: The latitude and longitude of the Triangle are “Before ‘creative license’ takes over”:

NW edge, Bermuda: 32.20 N, 64.45 W.
SW edge, San Juan: 18.5 N, 66.9 W
NE edge, Miami: 25.48N, 80.18 W

Fact 11:

As most of you noticed, who are neither brain dead nor had the one-day-lobotomy operation, Bermuda is not in the NorthWest of the Triangle, nor is Miami in the SouthEast, nor is San Juan in the SouthWest. Bermuda is NorthEast edge of the Triangle, Miami is SouthWest, and San Juan is SouthEast.

Myth 12:

According to Gibson: The Sargasso Sea has nothing to do with the Bermuda Triangle. It is entirely east of Bermuda, just “take a peek at any globe.”

Fact 12:

It is hard to image such cross-referencing having as its provenance a Masters in Research. After reading my correction in Q&A he apparently modified the above statement: “The Sargasso Sea has really little to do with the Bermuda Triangle except a portion of its boundaries lies within the Triangle.”

ED. When reading Gibson it is clear that analysis does not necessarily go hand-in-hand with research.

Myth 13:

Most myth supporters like to plot Bermuda as centrally located within the Sargasso; this is not the case. However proponents of the myth will then expand the dimensions of the Triangle to include the area of the Sargasso Sea, having the uninformed assume that the two are synonymous. In reality, by doing so they have more than doubled the size of the triangle, while still leaving one with the impression that everything occurred within the original boundaries.

Fact 13: Complete exaggeration. I know of no such “most myth supporters.” I know of only one map, and that is on my site, courtesy of the National Geographic. Checkout Sargasso Sea for a picture of it. We must assume that the NG are “myth supporters” since they show the Sargasso Sea encompassing Bermuda, as it does in reality, though this may not be reflected on Gibson’s household globe.

ED. His comment shows his style of exaggeration—one map on my site becomes “most myth supporters.” No writer, whether Berlitz, Winer, Spencer, Gaddis, Godwin, Sanderson, or Burgess, ever left their reader in doubt about the fluid shape of the “Triangle,” and always clarified the differences in opinion before discussing the missing. All their books are still available in used book stores and the surfer can buy them cheaply. One wonders what “creative license” Gibson is using when, to bolster his claim of authority on the subject, he makes the nebulous statement he “lived in and about the area for 10 years” but does not say where—and considering his unusually pedantic view on the strict shape of the Triangle, he would have to have lived off shore Miami or in the Bahamas to have qualified. “About” or “around” the area does not count to him if it’s a disappearance, but he uses this same generalization when trying to give himself an edge as an authority on the “Triangle.”

One may assume this “creative license” was responsible for his claims of having investigated the Triangle for 20 years, which he now admits started when he was a kid; of having lived in the area for 10 years, though by his own criterion for disappearances he probably did not. What constitutes “investigate” also seems subject to his “creative license.” His site bibliography proves he has done nothing in excess of having watched a couple of videos and believed word-for-word Larry Kusche’s near 30 year old book. Being unable to explain people’s encounters with electromagnetic phenomena and weird atmospheric aberrations, he once again misrepresents these as “paranormal” experiences, and then fabricates a scientific response.

Myth 14:

While scientists can assure them that nothing strange actually happened, they will cling to their belief that something truely [sic]strange happened. For them the Bermuda Triangle is as real as the air we breathe. This isn’t actual proof in the existence of the Triangle but unfortunately their strong belief is shamelessly used my [sic] the perpetrators of the myth.”

Fact 14

No sailor or pilot reporting these went to any scientific personnel for an explanation except Frank Flynn. And all the oceanographers he spoke to were at a loss to explain it. None ever claimed it was supernatural or paranormal. Many such stories were cataloged by the late Dr. J. Manson Valentine, but I suppose he is not a “scientific authority” since he did not debunk them out-of-hand like Gibson.

Gibson’s dictated explanation is another pure

Myth 15

“Most if not all of the so-called mysteries are no more than over-active imaginations.”

Fact 15

Gibson never spoke to any of them and has no way to determine this. His claim that scientists have done so is, again, pure myth.

Myth 16:

“ . . .if an aircraft crashes *into the water* and then is submerged, the ELT signal will not be heard since the ELT is submerged, so the effect is, as you note, that it is quite difficult to find a plane that has crashed into the water.

Fact 16:

ELTs, as most any aviator knows, are designed to float. They are contained in the fuselage and jettisoned by the force of impact. His former statement that they sink with the plane because they are in the seat must have been inspired by some vague knowledge of military automatic alarms. These are contained in fighter pilot seats and triggered by ejection. Since one does not eject from the seat of a civilian aircraft, the ELT is  placed in the fuselage. He has now altered this after reading my Q&A answer to a confused surfer. He now claims ELTs merely sink with the plane.

ED. What the hell is the point in having an automatic alarm that is designed to be destroyed with the aircraft?! His 20 years of aviation interest and “all things nautical” never got him near a plane or he never would not have made such an exaggeration to apply that to all aircraft.

Myth 17:

His ideas on the size of the Triangle:

  • Consider these sizes:
    According to the Myth, the Bermuda Triangle is anywhre [sic]from 600,000 square miles to 1,500,000 square miles of ocean. The Sargasso which is almost entirely outside of the Triangle is over 2,000,000 square miles of ocean.

ED. Again, anything outside the shape and size he wishes to give the area, based on Gaddis’ article in 1964, is his criterion for determining “myth.”

Fact 17:

However, the 1,500,000 square miles is directly referencing me and my article 500 Leagues of Sea. This Master in Research apparently has never read the Encyclopedia Britannica: “Bermuda Triangle, section of the North Atlantic Ocean. . . The triangle extends roughly between latitude 25 degrees to 40 degrees N and longitude 55 to 85 degrees W and covers an area of more than 1,500,000 sq miles (3,900,000 sq km).” The Encyclopedia Britannica is now a “myth supporter” one must assume.

ED. His bizarre “skepticism” has handicapped any kind of real analysis or research. He doesn’t realize that Gaddis was not the first to describe a shape, nor did he have to be the last. See History of Triangle and Sea of Expanding Shapes.

Myth 18:

There are only two longitudes in the world where Magnetic and Grid, or Magnetic, and True North align. These locations are near the center of Europe and near the eastern part of the United States.

Fact 18:

FALSE! They are off Japan and down the Eastern US and through the Gulf. Not even Wrong Way Corrigan made that kind of mistake! Nevertheless, he writes, with true geographical obtuseness:

Myth 19:

At the tip of Portugal the difference between Magnetic and Grid North is about four degrees. As you travel west across the Atlantic, the difference between Magnetic and Grid North begins to increase. This difference can get as much as 22 degrees. This increase continues until you reach the middle of the Atlantic and the Sargasso Sea, and then slowly Grid and Magnetic begin to realign so that by the time you reach the southern tip of Florida the two are only one and a half degrees different.

Fact 19: Wrongy. Southern Florida, as any navigator knows, is about 3 degrees off. Any current chart will show that. 30 years ago the Agonic Line may have been off the eastern Florida coast. No longer. The Agonic Line is now near the center of the Gulf of Mexico. The area of increase or decrease is measured from the Agonic Line. It increases the further one travels into the Atlantic until at the Azores it is about 24 degrees (as I recall). I have no idea what he is talking about when he is mentioning Portugal and that somewhere in the middle of the Atlantic they begin to realign. That happens in the Gulf and off Japan.

Myth 20:

The author also likes to trash this site and Larry Kusche’s book . . . He has a low opinion of this site because it is on Tripod and I don’t pay for it to be on the web (I’m not sure how this makes my site inaccurate or flawed)”

Fact 20:

Never heard of him at the time. His site had never been mentioned— ever (until today, June 24, 2002). Any general comment about other web sites was that they are opinion sites. But the fact he immediately assumed he was being singled-out from amongst many sites (all of which have more hits on their odometers than he ever had), I find bizarre.

ED. As it stands today, Gibson has retired in favor of a protégé who will not only keep the torch of debunkery alive but do so with equally nebulous claims to authority. While Tobias lived in the area for ten years, I have not. I do however visit the area frequently (four times in the last three years) and without incident. I call these visits, Summer Vacation and/or Spring Break.”

The a la mode upon Gibson’s frivolous claims of authority is now promoting cruising the bars and party hotspots of Daytona Beach or Miami (or other Spring Break meccas) as investigating the Triangle. Both imply that since nothing has ever happened to them (presumably along these drags), there is little chance anything mysterious has happened to those 500 miles out at sea. But she reasserts she is his pupil and that he lived in and around the area for 10 years while growing up and has been “researching so-called[Myth 21 warning] paranormal activity, particularly the Bermuda Triangle, off and on, for over two decades. He did this as a hobby and not for pay.”

Fact 21:

The Bermuda Triangle is not a paranormal pursuit. It is a tangible investigation of missing aircraft and ships, vast tonnages of both, and the possible theories of what might have caused it. There are no ghosts, demons or angels involved.

ED.His comment about receiving no pay seems to be another hatchwork based on his impression there is money where TV walks! In his bibliography of my site he describes me thusly:

Myth 22:

“The journalist who does the page claims to do it as a hobby but seems to have connections with many cable channels that continue to purport the myth.” (Ed. On the other hand, his pupil brags about him being a “Professional Researcher.”)

Fact 22:

A lame inference. In actuality I am not paid for appearing on TV, nor do I receive money for doing my research. My hobby has, in fact, cost me thousands because I bothered to get documents and travel in the Triangle, because I bothered to enter the subject tangibly and not just stew in my own conceited second guesswork. I have been doing this since 1990, and for most of this time I received no public recognition. For this tenacity and for the evidence I can present I get on TV. They approached me.

ED. Gibson’s obvious failure in the area of which he had once bragged of self-expertise might be sponsoring his new denigration of the whole subject. His pupil writes of his farewell:However the Bermuda Triangle was never his only interest in life and he doesn’t have time to focus, in his words, on “debunking half baked theories that could easily be explained away with more complete research in the first place”.”

But his site claims to have already presented the facts to debunk it, has it not? After 20 years is he admitting he never researched it completely? Theories need more research or the incidents? It’s often hard to follow his illogical progressions.

I must assume this webmaster’s apparent lack of reading comprehension has also prompted his basic mistakes and also his overall glowing appraisal of his meager research. His mistakes above have not been the only ones. But it is not practical or possible to critique his entire site. It may not be necessary either. As the surfer of his guestbook discovers, he is not taken too seriously. This seems haunted by equally immature approaches to the topic. The comment of one high school girl, left on June 21, 2002, reflects the outlook of those who find his site interesting enough to leave a message: “My toilet is my Bermuda Triangle. Large objects keep disappearing daily.” But such an attitude is not surprising in the guestbook of a website whose webmaster originally approached the subject from behind such an impressive pseudonym as Bubba, the Salty Dog.

In short, this webmaster’s claims and approach have no merit. All those “in and about the Triangle” in aviation or nautical authority are not familiar with his name, nor are any family members of the missing, friends or other researchers. His web site shows he has gotten no documents, not even an old newspaper article, despite his claim he backworked most of Kusche’s bibliography. Though he claims to have lived “in and about the area,” he is completely unaware of its most basic geography. His claims and reputation, in essence, have no cross-reference in reality outside of the cyber reality of the world-wide-web and what he wishes to represent of himself. His conclusions seem based on nothing more than a few videos and Kusche’s 1975 book. This lack of serious approach to the subject is befitting the moniker “Bubba, the Salty Dog.” And such a flippant nomen befits 3rd grade intros like his typical exaggeration: “Okay Let me tell you right off that the Bermuda Triangle is a myth that started off as old-time stories that sailors used to tell new ship mates to give them the heebie-jeebies.”

Well, it’s time to go on. It’s unfortunate such things must be written. Gibson should not have taken the reputation of another person so lightly. It is well his site has a sub-page devoted to Spatial Disorientation, for his entire site is a mastery of spin, of exaggerations of what the “myths” are, and outright error takes the place of his facts.


1.     1945, December 5: The entire training flight of five Navy
TBM Avengers. Plane #s FT-28, FT-36, FT-117,
FT-3, FT-81. Crew: 14

2.    1945, December 5: PBM Martin Mariner. Off Banana
River, Florida at 28o 59’ NL 80o 25 WL. Crew:13

3.     1947, July 3: a C-54 Douglas en route from Bermuda to
Miami in cargo service. Crew: 7.

4.     1948, January 30: BSAAC Tudor IV Airliner Star Tiger
near Bermuda, northest. 29 crew and passengers, includ
ing Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham. GAHNP.

5.     1948, December 28: NC-16002, Douglas DC-3 passenger
airliner; south of Miami on approach to the airport
(within 50 miles). crew and passengers: 31.

6.     1949, January 17: Tudor IV Star Ariel (sister of Star
)  Bermuda for Kingston, Jamaica. Crew and
pasengers: 19. GAGRE.

7.       1954, October 30: Super Constellation, in Navy service.
Maryland for Lajes, in the Azores. Crew and passengers:

8.       1956, November  9: Martin Marlin amphibious patrol
plane, about 350 miles north of Bermuda. Crew: 10.

9.       1961, October 15: an 8 engine SAC B-52 “Pogo 22” north
of Bermuda while returning from routine maneuvers.

10.    1962, January 8: Air Force KB-50 Aerial tanker. North
Carolina to Lajes, Azores. Crew: 8.

11.    1962, May 27: a C-133 Cargomaster, between Dover and
Lajes, Azores. Crew:10.

12.    1963, August 28: 2 KC-135 Stratotanker jets
mysteriously  disintergrate over the Sargasso Sea,
enroute back to Miami from refueling near Bermuda.
Crew: 10 total.

13     1963, September 22: another C-133 Cargomaster; Dover
for the Azores. Crew: 10.

14.    1964, February 8: Piper Apache between Grand Bahama
Island and West Palm Beach, Florida. 4 persons. N2157P

15.    1964, December 5: Cessna 140 with 2 persons; off New
Smyrna Beach, Florida. N81089

16.    1965, June 5: a C-119 “Flying Boxcar”; Miami to Grand
Turk. Crew: 10. Was within 100 miles of Grand Turk.

17.    1965, September 15:  Beechcraft c18s, with 3 persons,
near St. Thomas, VI, around 7:26 P.M. N8063H

18.      1965, October 31: Cessna 182 somewhere between
Marathon Key and Key West, Florida. 2 persons. N4010D

19.      1965, December 6: Ercoupe F01; between Fort
Lauderdale and West End, Grand Bahama. 2 persons.

20.      1965, December 29: a Piper Cherokee; South Caicos for
San Juan. 3 persons. N6077P

21.      1966, April 5: a converted cargo B-25; Fort Lauderdale
to Aruba. N92877

22.      1966, September 20: Tampa to Baton Rouge; Piper
Commanche. 2 persons. (see arguments on shape)

23.      1967, January 11: Chase YC-122; between Fort
Lauderdale and Bimini in the Bahamas. 4 Persons.

24.      1967, January 14: a Beechcraft Bonanza near Key
Largo.N7210B 4 persons.

25.        1967, January 17: Piper Cherokee en route St. Thomas
from San Juan. N4129P

26.        1967, July 2: near Mayaguez, PR, a Cherokee. 4
persons. N5100W

27.        1967, August 6: between Miami & Bimini; Piper
Cherokee. 3 persons. N8165W

28.        1967, October 3: Cherokee; Great Inagua for San Juan.

29.        1967, November 8: Cessna 182; George Town, Great
Exuma and Nassau. 4 persons. N7121E

30.        1967, November 22: Cherokee near Cat Island,
Bahamas. 4 persons. N9443J

31.        1968, May 29: Cessna 172 near Grand Turk. 2 persons.

32.        1968, July 8: between Grand Bahama & West Palm
Beach; Cessna 180. 2 persons. N944MH

33.        1969, January 5: Piper Comanche between Pompano
Beach, FL & North Carolina. 2 persons. N8653P

34.        1969, February 15: Beechcraft 95-c55 en route Miami
from Georgia. N9490S

35.        1969, March 8: big Douglas DC-4 in cargo service;
after leaving the Azores. Crew: 3. N3821

36.        1969, March 22: a Beechcraft between Kingston,
Jamaica & Nassau. 2 persons. N609R

37.        1969, June 6: Cessna 172 between Grand Turk &
Caicos Island. 2 persons. N8040L

38.        1969, June 29: a B-95 Beechcraft Executive; Great
Inagua for San Juan. N590T

39.        1969, August 3: Piper PA-22; West Palm Beach to
Albion, New Jersey. 2 persons. N8971C

40.        1969, October 11: Pilattus-Brittan-Norman Islander;
Great Inagua for Puerto Rico.  2 persons. N852JA

41.        1970, January 17: Piper Comanche; between Nassau &
Opa Locka, FL. 2 persons. N9078P

42.        1970, July 3: between Maiquetia, Venesuela & San
Juan, PR. Cessna 310G. 6 persons. N1166T

43.        1970, November 23: Piper Comanche between West
Palm Beach & Kingston, Jamaica. 3 persons. N9346P

44.        1971, March 20: a Cessna 177b with pilot en route
Andros Island from Miami at 3:18 P.M. N30844

45.        1971, July 26: Horizon Hunter Club’s rental; near
Barbados. 4 persons.

46.        1971, September 10: Phantom II F-4E Jet; on routine
maneuvers 82 miles south of Miami. 2 pilots.

47.        1971, December 21: Cessna 150j with pilot after leaving
Pompano Beach; destination unknown. N61155

48.        1972, October 10: Super Constellation between Miami
& Santo Domingo. 4 crew. N564E

49.        1973, March 28: Cessna 172 after leaving West Palm
Beach, FL, with pilot. N7050T

50.      1973, May 25: a Navion A16 between Freeport and
West Palm Beach. 2 persons. N5126K

51.      1973, August 10: Beechcraft Bonanza between Fort
Lauderdale & Marsh Harbour, Bahamas. 4 persons.

52.      1973, August 26: after departing Viaquez, PR; Cessna
150. 3 persons. N50143

53.      1973, December 20: a Lake Amphibian between
Nassau and Bimini. (near Bimini). 3 persons. N39385

54.      1974, February 10: pilot and his Cessna 414 vanish
after  leaving treasure Cay, Bahamas. N8103Q

55.        1974, February 10: that night a Pilattus -Brittan-
Norman  Islander with pilot and co-pilot disappear at
7:31 P.M. on approach St. Thomas. N864JA

56.        1974, July 13: Piper PA-32 between West Palm Beach &
Walker Cay, Bahamas. N83CA

57.        1974, August 11: Beech K35 Bonanza after departing
Pompano Beach, FL. for Philadelphia. 2 persons.

58.        1975, February 25: Piper PA-30; Greensboro, NC. to
Freeport, GBI; pilot only. N414DG

59.        1975, May 2: Cessna “Skymaster”; Fort Lauderdale
area. N86011

60.        1975, July 28: Cessna 172; vicinity Fort Lauderdale. 1

61.        1975, December 9: Cessna 172; St. Croix to St. Kitts. 1;

62.        1976, June 4: Beech D50; Pahokee, FL., to Dominican
Republic; 2. N1157

63.        1976, August 8: Piper PA-28; Vera Cruz, Mexico to
Brownsville, TX; 1. (See Q&A Arguments on shape)

64.        1976, October 24: Beech E-50; Opa Locka, FL. to Grand
Turk  Island. N5665D

65.        1976, December  28: Piper PA-23; Anguilla to Beef
Island; 6. N4573P

66.        1978, February 22: a KA-6 Navy attack bomber
vanished  from radar 100 miles off Norfolk en route
U.S.S. John F. Kennedy; 2.

67.        1978, March 25: Aero Commander 680; Opa Locka-
Imokalee, FL. to Freeport, Grand Bahama; 2. N128C

68.        1978, April 27: Ted Smith 601; Pompano Beach to
Panama City, FL.; 1. N555BU

69.        1978, April 30: Cessna 172; Dillon, SC., to unknown; 1.

70.        1978, May 19: Piper PA-28 Fort Pierce to Nassau; 4.

71.        1978, May 26: Beech 65; Port-au-Prince to Bahamas; 2.

72.        1978, July 18: Piper PA-31; Santa Marta, Col. to
Port-au- Prince; 2. N689WW

73.        1978, September 21: Douglas DC-3; Fort Lauderdale to
Havana; 4. N407D

74.        1978, November 3: Piper PA-31; St. Croix to St.
Thomas; 1. N59912 (right off St. Thomas)

75.        1978, November 20: Piper PA-23; De Funiak Springs to
Gainsville, FL.; 4. N54615

76.        1979, January 11: Beech A23A; Opa Locka to St.
Thomas; 2. N925RZ

77.        1979, April 2: Beech E18s; Fort Lauderdale to Cat
Island, Bahamas; 1. N4442

78.      1979, April 24: Piper PA-28R; Fort Lauderdale to
Nassau; 4. N7480J

79.      1979, June 30: Cessna 150J; St. Croix to St. Thomas; 2.

80.        1979, September 9: Cessna 182; New Orleans to
Pensacola, Florida. 3 persons. N2183R

81.        1979, October 4: Aero Commander 500; Andros Island
to West Palm Beach, FL.; pilot; N3815C

82.        1979, October 27: Piper PA-23; Montego Bay, Jamaico
to Nassau; pilot. N13986

83.        1979, November 19: Beech D50b; Delray Beach, FL to
to Key West; 1. N1706

84.        1979, December 21: Piper PA-23; Aguadilla to South
Caicos Island; 4 persons. N1435P

85.        1980, February 11: Beech 58; St. Thomas to unknown;
only pilot aboard; reported stolen. N9027Q

86.        1980, May 19: Lear Jet; West Palm Beach to  New
Orleans; 2. N25NE

87.        1980, June 28; Erco 415-D; Santo Domingo, DR., to San
Juan, PR; 2 persons. Pilot reported UFO before
disappearing. N3808H

88.        1981, January 6: Beech c35; Bimini to Nassau; 4
persons N5805C

89.        1982, July 5: Piper PA-28R-201T; Nashville to Venice,
FL.; 4. N505HP

90.        1982, September 28: Beech H35; Marsh Harbour to
Fort Pierce, FL.; 2. N5999

91.        1982, October 20: Piper PA-31; Anguilla to ST.
Thomas, VI. 8 persons. Charter Service. N777AA

92.        1982, November 5: Beech 65-B80; Fort Lauderdale to
Eleuthera Island, Bahamas; 3 persons. N1HQ

93.          1983, October 4: a Cessna T-210-J; Andros Town,
Bahamas to Fort Pierce, FL.; 3 persons. N2284R

94.          1983, November 20: Cessna 340A disappeared near
Orangeville, Fl.; pilot. N85JK

95.          1984, March 12: a Piper between Key West and
Clearwater, Florida; 4 persons. N39677

96.          1984, March 31: Cessna 402b between Fort
Lauderdale  and Bimini; 6 persons. N44NC

97.          1984, December 23: Aeronca 7AC between Cross City,
Florida and Alabama; pilot. N81947

98.          1985, January 14: a Cessna 337 in Atlantic northeast
of  Jacksonville; 4 persons. N505CX

99.          1985, May 8: Cessna 210k; Miami to Port-au-Prince,
Haiti; pilot. N9465M

100.         1985, July 12: Piper between Nassau and Opa Locka;
4 persons. N8341L

101.         1985, August 3: a Cessna 172; somewhere near Fort
Meyers, FL.; pilot. ??

102.         1985, September 8:  a Piper northeast of Key West at
10:08 P.M. en route from Fort Lauderdale; 2 persons.

103.         1985, October 31:  Piper at 8:29 A.M. ; between
Sarasota, FL. and Columbus, Georgia; pilot. N24MS

104.         1986, March 26: a Piper en route from Miami to West
End or Freeport, GBI.; 6 persons. N3527E

105.         1986, August 3: A Twin Otter charter, around St.
Vincent; 13 persons.

106.         1987, May 27: a Cessna 402c; between Palm Beach,
FL. and Marsh Harbour, Great Abaco,Bahamas; 1.

107.         1987, June 3: a Cessna 401; Freeport to Crooked
Island; 4 persons. N7896F

108.         1987, December 2: Cessna 152; La Romana to nearby
San Juan; pilot. N757EQ

109.         1988, February 7: a Beechcraft over the Caribbean
Sea; 4 persons. N844G

110.         1989, February 6: a Piper; after departing
Jacksonville, Florida; pilot despondent. 1. N6834J

111.         1990, January 24: Cessna 152 on instructional flight;
near West Palm Beach, FL. 2 persons. N4802B

112.         1990, June 5: Piper; St. Maarten to St. Croix; pilot.

113.         1990, August 10: Piper; between Sebastian, FL. and
Freeport, GBI.; 4 persons. N6946D. Body found off

114.         1991, April 24: Piper Comanche; off Florida; pilot.

115.         1991, May 30: near Long Boat Key; Piper signalled
directional gyro not working; spun into ocean; 2.

116.         1991, October 31: Grumman Cougar jet; over Gulf of
Mexico; vanished on ascent while on radar; 2. N24WJ

117.         1993, September 30: Within Miami sector; Cessna
152, with only pilot on board. N93261

118.         1994, August 28: Piper PA-32; Treasure Cay,
Bahamas to Fort Pierce; 2 persons. N69118

119.         1994, September 19: Piper PA-23; over Caribbean; 5.

120.         1994, December 25: Piper PA-28; unknown; over
Florida; pilot. N5916V

121.       1996, May 2: Aero Commander; Atlantic/Caribbean;
vanished with 3 in charter service. N50GV

122.       1998, August 19: Piper PA-28; Atlantic\Caribbean; 4.

123.       1999. May 12, Aero Commander N6138X; near Nassau
only pilot aboard.

124.     2001,  October 27, Cessna 172, after leaving
Winterhaven, Florida; only pilot aboard.

125.     2002, September 6, Piper Pawnee, southeast of
Nassua, Bahamas; only pilot on board. N59684

126      2003, November 13, a Piper PA-32-300, N8224C
went missing after leaving Staniel Cay, Exumas.
Only pilot on board

127      2005, June 20: Piper PA-23 N6886Y, Between Treasure Cay, BI, to
Fort  Pierce, FL. 3 persons aboard

128        2007,  April 10: Piper PA-46-310P N444JH, near Berry Islands.
Only pilot aboard.

129    2008,  December 15: A Britten-Norman Islander. Windward Islands.
11 persons aboard. N650LP

The aircraft below are listed for purposes of assisting in identification. I do not necessarily believe every one is the result of unexplainable mystery.



Starting with the oldest maintained records yields the following litany:

The earliest registers list United States warships:

In 1780, the General Gates went missing. No British warship laid claim to sinking her.
Long after the American War of Independence, terse entries in marine journals continued to list disappearances. Curiously, many of them are warships. A more mysterious occurrence than a merchant vessel, one might imagine, since they are sturdily built, heavily gunned, and manned by large numbers of well trained crews. In September 1799 U.S.S. Insurgentvanished, a 36 gun French built warship with 340 crew. U.S.S. Pickering on a voyage to the West Indies in 1800, around August 20. The U.S.S Wasp, which mercilessly pummeled British shipping in the War of 1812, mysteriously disappeared on a Caribbean cruise in October of 1814. This fate was rather anticlimactic to her last sighting, an engagement with the British brig Atalanta, which she won by capturing the vessel. She then sailed off on her next cruise around September 1 and was never seen again.
tbcompass1x1The voyage of the Epervier in 1815 was an auspicious occasion. She carried the peace proposals for the War of 1812. She left Algiers for Norfolk and vanished, delaying the ending of hostilities. Here is one instance where the possible phenomenon of the Bermuda Triangle could have played a crucial role in world politics.
The U.S.S. Wildcat, with 31 crew; the schooner Lynx, with 40 men; and the schooner Hornet (which had won a notable victory over HMS Peacock in 1812) all vanished in 1824. Incidentally, the Wildcat vanished after leaving Cuba in October. All of these disappeared in or about the area delineated for the Bermuda Triangle.
The first recorded merchant ship disappearance was in 1840, when theRosalie vanished in the Sargasso Sea. Rosalie has often been listed as a derelict ship instead, confused with the very non mysterious drifter Rossini, and claimed to have never existed at all.  However, the British Maritime Museum does hold a record of her. She was built in 1838, of 222 tons. There is still some debate whether she vanished or was found derelict. The London Times of 1840 listed her as derelict.
Subsequent mysterious disappearances include another U.S. schooner/warship: Grampas in March of 1843 after sailing south of the Carolinas. The passenger ship City of Glasgow vanished with 400 passengers after she left New York in 1854 en route to Liverpool (taking the southern course). The disappearances of the British training brig HMSAtalanta in 1880 was considered a national catastrophe in Britain. She had departed Bermuda for home, with 290 young cadets and was never seen again. In 1909 the famous world circumnavigator, Joshua Slocum, sailed out of Miami on his treasured yawl Spray, and vanished. He was considered the finest sailor of his time.
All of these vessels, of course, disappeared in a time when the Atlantic was very big and when many times a ship would be weeks between ports. There is nothing to connect them together except general location.
By the early 20th century, Marconi’s wireless had proven itself. Warren Tute, in his Atlantic Conquest,  noted that “Wireless telegraphy was to deprive the sea of its ancient terror of silence.”
Yet by a strange irony it only gave it a new mystery—the mystery of missing Maydays and SOS signals. All the following vessels vanished while having wireless or radio communications. None left any sound to indicate what happened. The modern terror of the sea turns out to be something more aggravating than silence: a question mark. And all were on voyages that would lead them through the Triangle.

1917,  between March 6th & 27: the 1,579 gross ton freighter Timandra,
bound for Buenos Aires from Norfolk in cargo of coal. 21 crew under
Captain Lee.

1918, after March 6th– U.S.S. collier Cyclops, after leaving Barbados
for Baltimore; 309 crew and passengers under Lt. Comm. George

1925, December 1: tramp steamer Cotopaxi; 32 crew under Captain Meyers; left Charleston, SC, for Havana, Cuba.

1926, March: freighter Suduffco sailed from New York to Los Angeles
with 4,000 tons of assorted cargo. Never arrived Panama. 29 crew. (Owner unfortunately waited about a month before reporting her overdue)

1938, March: 426-foot, 5,500 ton British freighter Anglo Australian bound from Cardiff, Wales, for British Columbia; 38 crew under Captain Parslow. Last reported herself off the Azores: “Passing Fayal this afternoon. All well.”

1940, February 4: Schooner Gloria Colita, Gulf of Mexico, found derelict and awash.

Losses in the war years cannot be counted, since so many occurred from enemy submarines and mines. Beginning after World War II:

1946, December 5: schooner City Belle, 10 persons, Bahamas, found derelict.

1948, February: 416-foot,  7,219 ton British freighter Samkey reported herself at 41o 48’ N longitude, 24o W latitude on January 31. “All well.” Crew of 43.

1948, March 6: yacht Evelyn K. is found deserted in the Florida Keys; 3 persons missing

1950,  April 5: the 185-foot coaster Sandra, with a cargo of DDT, disappears in passage to Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, from Savannah, Georgia.

1955, January 13: yacht Home Sweet Home, Bermuda to St. Thomas

1955, September 26: yacht Connemara IV found derelict 150 miles southeast of Bermuda.

tbcompass1x11956, July: schooner Bounty disappears between Bimini and Miami.

1958, January 1: 44-foot yawl Revonoc vanished between Key West and Miami; 4 crew.

1960, April 16, yacht Ethel C.,  missing off Virginia

1961, April 5: yacht Callista III, missing Norfolk to Bahamas.

1962, schooner Evangeline

1962, November: Windfall, a  56-foot schooner left Mystic, Conn. for Bermuda; 5 crew.

1963, February 4: the 504-foot T-2 Tanker Marine Sulphur Queen, near Florida Straits; 39 crew.

1963, July 2: fishing vessel Sno Boy, between Kingston to Northeast Cay.

1964: 36-foot ketch Dancing Feathers, en route Bahamas from North Carolina.

1964, January 14: 58-foot Enchantress, 150 miles southeast of Charleston, South Carolina.

1965, October 28: houseboat El Gato, near Great Inagua, Bahamas.

1967, December 10: Speed Artist 5 persons; Windward Islands

1967, December 22: cabin cruiser Witchcraft, Miami Harbor; 2 persons

1969, July 4: in the Sargasso Sea freighter Cotopaxi sees derelict power yacht on automatic pilot.

1969, July 12: yacht Vagabond found derelict on edge of Sargasso Sea.

1969, August: The 2 light house keepers from Great Isaac’s Rock lighthouse, near Bimini, abandon their posts without reason.

1969, November 2: cabin cruiser Southern Cross found deserted off Cape May.

1971, October 10: 339-foot cargo vessel El Caribe, missing in Caribbean Sea.

1971, October 27: fishing yacht Lucky Edur found derelict of New Jersey; 3

1971, Christmas-time: something annihilates 53-foot yacht Ixtapa, near Florida Keys.

1973, March 21:  541-foot collier s.s. Anita vanished in building hurricane off Norfolk en route to Germany.

1973, March 23: 88-foot yacht Defiance, derelict, near Cap du Mole, St. Nicholas, Haiti; 4

1974, March: 54-foot luxury yacht Saba Bank disappears while cruising Bahamas; 4 crew.

1974, July 24: yacht Dutch Treat,  Miami to Cat Cay, Bahamas.

1975, April 22: 73-foot shrimper Dawn, near Smith Shoals, Key West.

1975, June 24: yacht Meridian, bound to Bermuda from Norfolk.

1975, December 2: ocean going tug Boundless is missing in the Bahamas.

1976, April: motor sailor High Flight disappears between Bimini & Miami

1976, October: the 590-foot ore carrier Sylvia L. Ossa, about 140 miles west of Bermuda; crew of 37.

1976, December 16: 40-foot sloop with 17 people between St. Kitts and Dominica.

1977, November 20: schooner L’Avenir, Maryland to Bermuda.

1979, January 2: 66-foot tug King Co-bra, near Cape Henlopen.

1980, January 12: Sea Quest sends mysterious call, navigational equipment not working. Missing with 11 persons.

1980, April: 43-foot luxury yacht Polymer III, while cruising Bahamas;  2.

1980, July 26: 38-foot sailboat Kalia III found derelict in the Exumas, Bahamas.

tbcompass1x11980, October 26:  the 520-foot s.s. Poet, in cargo of corn, Cape Henlopen, Dl., to Port Said, Egypt.

1982, July 26: American yacht Penetration found deserted north of Sargasso Sea.

1982, August 17: British yacht found deserted in Atlantic.

1983, February 26: 44-foot Sea Lure,  in group of other fishing vessels while headed toward Dry Tortugas. Later found derelict.

1984, November 5\6:  the 32-foot sport fishing boat Real Fine, Freeport to Fort Lauderdale. 3 persons.

1985, February 22: 25-foot pleasure boat with 2 Canadians aboard; Freeport, to West Palm Beach.

1985, May 3: 6 persons disappear in a outboard off Surf City, North Carolina.

1992, October 27: fishing vessel Mae Doris, with 4 crew, south of Cape May.

1995, March 20: Jamanic K., Motor Vessel of 357 gt; Cape Haitien to Miami.

1996, October 14: 65-foot yacht Intrepid, 30 miles off Fort Pierce, FL; 16 missing after quick Mayday.

1997, December:  23-foot Robalo, off Virginia Beach.

1998, January 2: commercial fishing vessel Grumpy found derelict.

1998, May 1: 35-foot converted sport fisher Miss Charlotte hit by force that sucked everything off deck, then sunk; crew survived. Thought to be water spout. Off North Carolina.

1998, August 10: the Erica Lynn.

1998, November:  the Carolina, off Cape May

1998, November:  74-foot Interlude disappeared during cruise to Cayman Islands.

1999, April 15: Miss Fernandina, 85-foot shrimp trawler off Flagler Beach, FL. last signaled: net caught in propellor, electrical drain, listing.

1999, April 23: Motor Vessel Genesis, 196 gt, sailed Port of Spain in cargo of 465 tons brick,  water tanks and concrete slabs; at 5:30 bespoke m/v Survivor.Search for vessel was 33,100 sqm.

1999. August 5:  18-foot day cruiser found derelict except for the dog.  Skipper was on a 2 hour cruise; off North Carolina.

1999, November 15: 2 person in a 22-foot day cruiser between Frying Pan Shoals and Frying Pan Light.

1999,  December 27, Alyson Selene found derelict 7 miles northeast of Andros, Bahamas.

2000, April, freighter Gran Rio R disappears off West Indies.

2000,  August 14, fishing vessel Hemmingway is found deserted; missing crew and captain.

2001,  June 22, 2001, Tropic Bird is found derelict off Antigua.

2002, September 23, freighter Fiona R missing off West Indies en route to St. Vincent.

2003, June 18, Frank and Romina Leone of West Palm Beach, Fl. vanish with their 16 foot boat off Florida.

2003, August 3, alerts go out for sailing yacht Windhome, which left Beaufort, North Carolina for Azores June 24. Overdue and reported missing.

2003, August 25, three men vanish with a 32-foot sleek-go-fast white fiberglass vessel in the Bahamas between Exumas and Mayaguana. Owner identified as Glenroy Carey.

2003, October-November, the fishing boat What’s Left turns up capsized off Cape Canaveral with body of owner aboard. the two other passengers, the Edelmanns are missing. Boat drifted 400 miles without being detected by Coast Guard. Left port in the Gulf for fishing in Florida Keys.

2003, November 25, Peanuts Too is found deserted south of Bermuda.

2004, March 23, the missing 19-foot fishing boat owned by Glenn Jamison is found by fishing vessel Chummer about 32 miles west of Egmont Key, Florida. No trace is found of Jamison. He had left the previous Sunday for daytime fishing and did not return that night. Coast Guard reports 20 knots winds and 6 foot seas.tbcompass1x1

2004, December 21, unnamed fishing yola is found abandoned off Puerto Rico, nets deployed and anchored. Fisherman Anibal Matias missing. No trace.

2006, January 2, James Trindade disappears from his pleasure craft while en route to the US from Bahamas. Foul play suspected.

2006, June, Cuban fishing vessel La Curra is found recently abandoned.

2006, July 4, 18 foot vessel belonging to Richard Perez found off Viginia Key, Florida Keys, with wallet and keys and other personal effects.

2006, September 18, a partially submerged 18 pleasure boat found 9 miles east of Clearwater Beach, with fishing poles, cooler, and life jackets aboard.

2007, March 2, Michael Carlo, 57, body found. Disappeared from his Boston Whaler. One of the flap of bodies found off Anclote Key.

2007, March 15: 25-foot pleasure craft, derelict, 27 miles northeast of St. Augustine. Steve Senecal went day fishing.

2007, October 19,  Tranquility (37 foot) sighted adrift and abandoned 65 miles west of Johns Pass, Florida. The owner, 69 year old Ulyses Didier, could not be found. Crew of Sundancer boards vessel and notes broken rail. Last log entry Oct. 15 states Didier is going to anchor.

2008, March 16, a 28 foot read Wellcraft is reported missing with 3 fishermen aboard between Everglades City and Tampa.

2008, April 17, the 27-foot Don Chepo is reported missing en route from St. Johns, Virgin Islands for Vieques, Puerto Rico. Owner had 2 cell phones aboard, a VHF radio, 3 life jackets, and 3 flares. Boat was powered by 2 200 horsepower Evinrude outboard engines.

2008, May 24, Holo Ki Ki, a 36-foot sailboat is found derelict 20 miles north of West End, Grand Bahama. The sailing master, Peter Steenberg, was missing. He had been hired to sail the boat to the Netherlands from Fort Lauderdale.

2008, June 17: Marcos Aeguelles disappears from his 22-foot pleasure craft near Solider key, Florida.

2008, September 5: a 25 foot sailboat is found abandoned in the Caloosahatchee River at Fort Meyers. The sail was at half mast. The owner, 60 year old Stephen Nelson, was not found.

2009, March, 40-foot gaff Ketch Lili-oh-La-La headed to Bahamas from South Carolina is reported on the overdue list.

2009, June 22, Coast suspends search for 3 missing fishermen off Pinones, Puerto Rico. They had departed in a 22 foot beige Grady White fishing boat.

2009, August 17, the 22 foot boat of Mark Portus is found beached on the north end of Anclote Key. He left that morning for a day of fishing. A body found on the 21st was believed to be his. This is only one of several derelicts found near Anclote Key where a body later turned up near Hudson Beach.

2009, September 20, a small 16 foot vessel is found abandoned near Anclote Key. The pet dog remains aboard. The vessel keys were aboard as well as a town. The operator, Paula Migliorini, had vanished. Body later found off Hudson Beach.

2009, December 13, two men vanish in a 17 foot Largo pleasure craft en route to Bimini.

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